Governance, in its essence, serves as the compass that guides organizations toward proper conduct and sustainable success. While it is sometimes seen as a framework for control and rule adherence, it goes beyond that, encompassing principles that promote effective resource utilization and equitable treatment of stakeholders. In this article, we delve into the nature of governance, focusing on the principles outlined by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and exploring its role in steering organizations towards their strategic objectives.

The Core Principles of Corporate Governance

The OECD has laid out a set of fundamental principles that constitute the backbone of corporate governance. These principles are designed to ensure that businesses operate in a manner that fosters transparency, accountability, and equitable treatment. Let’s delve into these principles to understand the nature of governance more deeply:

  1. Equitable Treatment of Shareholders: At the heart of corporate governance is the fair treatment of shareholders. This principle emphasizes that shareholders, regardless of their size or influence, should have their rights respected and protected. It is the bedrock upon which trust in an organization is built.
  2. Disclosure and Transparency: Transparency is a cornerstone of good governance. Organizations must provide accurate and timely information about their financial performance, ownership, and governance structures. This transparency not only builds trust but also empowers stakeholders to make informed decisions.
  3. Responsibilities of the Board: The board of directors plays a pivotal role in governance. They are entrusted with the task of overseeing the organization’s strategic direction and ensuring its ethical and legal compliance. The board’s fiduciary duty lies not just with the company but also extends to its shareholders.
  4. Strategic Guidance: Governance is not just about maintaining the status quo; it’s about providing strategic direction. Effective governance involves the board reviewing and guiding the corporate strategy, aligning it with the organization’s long-term goals and values.
  5. Monitoring Management: The board serves as a watchdog, ensuring that management’s actions are in line with the organization’s objectives. Through regular evaluations and monitoring, governance helps mitigate risks and ensures that the company is on the right track.
  6. Board Accountability: Accountability is a central tenet of governance. The board is accountable to both the company and its shareholders. This means that they must answer for their decisions and actions, fostering a culture of responsibility.

The Traditional View of Governance

To gain a deeper understanding of governance, we can turn to the OECD’s definition: “the system by which business corporations are directed and controlled.” This definition highlights that governance is not just about isolated decisions but is a systemic approach to managing an organization. It delineates the distribution of rights and responsibilities among various participants within the corporation.

Furthermore, the OECD definition emphasizes that governance goes beyond setting objectives; it also encompasses the means to attain those objectives and the mechanisms for monitoring performance. In essence, governance provides the structure and framework that helps organizations navigate their path to success while adhering to ethical, legal, and responsible practices.


In conclusion, the nature of governance is multifaceted, encompassing principles that ensure organizations conduct their affairs properly and sustainably. It is not merely about control but also about guidance, transparency, and accountability. As organizations strive to achieve their strategic objectives, effective governance serves as the compass that steers them on the right course, fostering trust among stakeholders and laying the foundation for long-term success.

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